How are themes of colonialism, freedom and tyranny presented in the opening chapters of ‘Purple Hibiscus’?

Chimamanda Adichie attempts to “delve into the violence, corruption, and hopelessness of Nigeria…under Generals Ibrahim Babangida and Sani Abacha”[1] through the mirroring of Kambili’s father as well as the burgeoning development of Kambili herself. Which is, indirectly, in conflict with this restrictive regime both externally as a representation of Nigeria’s post-colonial civil wars and internally, [...]

Critical Responses to Purple Hibiscus

Critical Responses to Purple Hibiscus

"The author's straightforward prose captures the tragic riddle of a man who has made an unquestionably positive contribution to the lives of strangers while abandoning the needs of those who are closest to him." The New York Times Book Review   "At once the portrait of a country and a family, of terrible choices and [...]

Exemplar Essay: How does Dickens present Pip’s characterisation throughout ‘Great Expectations’?

Initially, Pip is depicted as the most vulnerable, timid and wildly imaginative characters in the serialized Bildungsroman ‘Great Expectations’. The analytical retrospective narrative of young “childish” p.4 Pip from that of his older, experienced self, offers a unique perspective into his emotions as well as acting as a quasi-autobiographical parallel to Dickens’ own experiences. Written [...]

A Streetcar Named Desire: Essay Questions

A list of potential essay questions to form revision and speed planning practice   ‘Stella is the lynchpin within the play for better or for worse’ In light of this statement, explore William’s presentation of relationships in A Streetcar Named Desire. In your answer, you must consider relevant contextual factors.   ‘Shame lies at the [...]

Edexcel Non-Fiction: Tier 2 Vocabulary

Important vocabulary for approaching the Edexcel iGCSE Non-Fiction unit. Arabic translations included for English Language Learners     Vocabulary Translation Definition 1 Climax ذروة The point where tension and drama is at its highest in an extract 2 Exposition معرض Detailed description (of a setting) at the beginning of a narrative 3 Memoir مذكرات A [...]

How is Race and Characterisation of Othello Presented?

How is Race and Characterisation of Othello Presented?

  The characterisation of Othello was presented through the dominant ideology of the predilection, prejudice and paragon image of race. The portrayal of the eponymous character in the play was stereotypically insinuated to be savage, violent and aggressive; however, was based on falsehood in order to expose Iago’s duplicitous character and ultimately Othello’s hamartia.   [...]