Edexcel Poetry Anthology: Tier 2 Vocabulary

Important vocabulary for approaching the Edexcel iGCSE Poetry Anthology part of the exam. The words selected either appear in the poems themselves as trickier language or can be used in analysis. Arabic translations included for English Language Learners.


  Vocabulary Translation Definition Synonym
1 Congregation (n.) مجمع A group of people assembled for religious worship. Parish
2 Appalling (adj.) مروعة Awful and not meeting expectations Shocking
3 Engulf (v.) يبتلع To sweep, surround something, or to cover completely Envelop
4 Sullen (adj.) متجهم Moody, Bad-tempered and sulky Morose
5 Impediment (n.) عائق A hindrance or a block in achieving something Obstruction
6 Vitality (n.) حيوية Physical or intellectual vigour. Energy. Sense of being alive Exuberance
7 Euphoria (n.) النشوة Feelings of intense pleasure and excitement Thrill
8 Relish (v.) استمتع To treat with affection or  enjoy slowly in a sensual manner Savour
9 Subdued (adj.) مهزوم To be passive or shy. Gentle or quiet, less vivid Solemn
10 Claustrophobia (n.) رهاب الإحتجاز An Extreme or irrational fear of confined places  
11 Insidious (adj.) أخبث- خبيث Moving in a gradual, subtle way, but with very harmful effects Stealthy
12 Inexorably (ad v.) بشكل لا يرحم Marching forward in a way that cannot be stopped Inevitable
13 Vista (n.) مشهد من خلال A wide a beautiful view, usually pastoral Panorama
14 Melancholy (adj.) حزن Thoughtful feelings of sadness for no particular reason Mournful
15 Affectionate (adj.) حنون Feeling or exhibiting fondness, caring or tenderness Doting
16 Aggrieved (adj.) مضطهد Feeling resentment at having been unfairly treated Bitter
17 Blaze (v.) حريق Burn fiercely or brightly Inferno
18 Clamour (n.) صخب Loud and jarring noise, especially voices shouting Din
19 Subconscious (adj.) اللاوعي Part of your mind; not fully aware but influences actions and feelings Psyche
20 Surreal (adj.) سريالية- عجيب Weird, strange; bizarre and dreamlike Unearthly
21 Exultant (adj.) المتبرع Proud and expectant as if somebody has been proved right Jubilant
22 Console (v.) وحدة التحكم To comfort (someone) at a time of grief or disappointment Solace
23 Officious (adj.) فضولي Assertive of authority in a domineering way, especially with trivial matters Self-important
24 Sinew (n.) عصب A piece of tough fibrous tissue uniting muscle to bone; a tendon Ligament
25 Prowling (v.) الطوف To move about restlessly and stealthily, especially in search of prey Stalk
26 Ethereal (adj.) أثيري Extremely delicate, light, not of this world Celestial
27 Loitering (v.) التسكع Stand or wait around without apparent purpose Linger
28 Oblivion (ab n.) النسيان State of being unaware what is around you Void
29 Nefarious (adj.) شرير Being wicked or villainous Despicable
30 Withered (adj.) ذابل Dry and shrivelled from age or disease Wilt

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